Gabriel is referred to
twice in the Old Testament, and referred to as "the man
Gabriel," because having the appearance of a man. In the
first instance he appeared to the prophet Daniel to explain
a vision he had seen but did not understand (Daniel
8:1-19). In the second instance, he likewise appeared to
Daniel, this time in response to prayer and to instruct him
further in regard to the vision he had seen (9:20-23).
Gabriel is likewise mentioned twice in the New Testament.
In the first instance, he appeared to Zacharias, the father
of John the Baptist, to announce to him the birth of the
latter, stating "I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence
of God; and I was sent to speak unto thee, and to bring
thee these good tidings" (Luke 1:5-23). And six months
later he was sent from God to "a city of Galilee, named
Nazareth," to a virgin named Mary, to announce to her that
she would conceive by the power of the Holy Spirit and give
birth to a son, whom she was to call Jesus, and who would
be called the Son of the Most High (1:26-38).
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