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Word Study Of Romans 5:3-4
Cecil N. Wright

KJV

Tribulation

patience

experience

hope

ASV

Tribulation

steadfastness

approvedness

hope

NIV

Suffering

perseverance

character

hope

TEV

Trouble

endurance

approval

hope

NEB*

Suffering

endurance

proof

hope

* Suffering trains us to endure, and endurance brings proof that we have stood the test, and this proof is the ground of hope.

 1. TRIBULATION (thlipsis, afflictions, pressures; hence, oppression, affliction, tribulation, distress, straits.)

 2. PATIENCE (hupomone, steadfastness, constancy, endurance; a patient, steadfast waiting for.).

 3. EXPERIENCE (dokime, from dokimos, accepted or acceptable, having been proved, tested, tried; hence,

  1. in an active sense, a proving, trial, as in 2 Cor.8:2.
  2. approved- ness, tried character, Rom.5:4; 2 Cor.2:9; Phil.2:22.
  3. proof (objectively), a specimen of tried worth, 2 Cor. 13:3.) (Thayer.)
  • The quality of being approved, hence character Rom.5:4 (as a result of endurance and a prerequisite for hope).
  • Test, ordeal, 2 Cor.8:2.) (Arndt and Gingrich.)

4. HOPE (elpis, in the classics, expectation, whether of good or of ill;

  1. Rarely in a bad sense, expectation of evil.
  2. Much more freq. in the classics, and always in the N.T., in a good sense, expectation of good, hope; and in the Christian sense, joyful and confident expectation of eternal salvation . . . . By metonomy it denotes a. the author of hope, or he who is its foundation: Col.1:27. b. the thing hoped for: Titus 2:13.) (Thayer.)

NOTE: In KJV, elpis, is always translated "hope" (53 times) except in Heb.10:23, where it is rendered "faith": "Let us hold fast the profession of our faith (elpidos)." But in ASV, NKJ, NIV, and in nearly all others it is rendered "hope" in this passage also. (Out of 30 versions checked, only KJV and Lamsa have "faith" instead of "hope.")

 

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