Practical Advantages of Justification by Faith
1. Salvation from wrath (5:1-21): CHANGE OF PROSPECT
(because of God's love manifested in Christ).
a. Chain of blessings of justification by faith,
culminating in salvation from wrath of God (vs.
b. Blessings of justification by faith made possible
by Christ's undoing of ruin wrought by Adam, and more (vs.
- Peace with God through Christ (v. 1).
- Access into the grace wherein we stand (v. 2).
- Rejoicing in hope of the glory of God (v. 2; cf.
- Rejoicing in tribulations also --because they work
steadfastness, approvedness, hope -- and hope does not put
us to shame, because God's love has been shed
abroad in our hearts by the Holy Spirit which has been
given to us (vs. 3-5; cf. Chapter 8:31-39).
- Reason for the hope of the glory of God (vs.
- While we were weak and ungodly Christ died
for us because of God's love for us (vs.
- Now that we have been justified and
reconciled by Christ's death, much more, then,
shall we be saved by his life from the wrath of
God (vs. 9-11).
Sin was introduced by Adam, and death by sin, and
death passed to all men because all sinned (vs.
- (This was true before the time of the
Law of Moses (which caused sin to abound,
v. 20, but did not introduce either it or
universal death) (vs. 13-14).
- Before (achri,
until, or to the extent of) law, sin was in
the world; but sin is not imputed when
there is no law (vs. 13) -- hence, no law
between Adam and Moses the violation of
which accounts for universal death before
- (c) Nevertheless death reigned (between
Adam and Moses)even over those whose sins
were not like Adam's (vs. 14) -- not
entailing the death penalty.
- (d) Adam, a type of Christ (v. 14b) --
Adam, the physical head of redeemed
humanity (1 Corinthians. 11:3), resulting
in humanity's solidarity with Adam the same
as redeemed humanity's solidarity with
Christ (see 1 Corinthians. 15:21-22) --
meaning all men sinned in Adam as a
representative of the human race (as Levi
paid tithes through Abraham while still in
the loins of the latter, Hebrews.
- (e) NOTE: The physical relationship of
humanity with Adam does not extend to the
spirit of men, which comes from God without
doing so through human parentage (Hebrews.
(2) Influence of Christ is the reverse of
that of Adam, and exceeds it (vs. 15-17).
- (a) Free gift of Christ not like the
trespass of Adam; it abounds in grace
than the latter results in death (v.
- Free gift of Christ followed
trespasses, bringing justification;
judgment followed one sin
of Adam, beginning condemnation (v.
- By the trespass of one (Adam), death
reigned through the one; those who receive
grace and the gift of righteousness will
more reign in life through one,
Jesus Christ (v. 17).
(3) Summary and conclusion (vs.
- (a) One man's trespass led to
condemnation of all men; one man's act of
righteousness leads to justification unto
life for all men (v. 18).
- By one man's disobedience, the many
were made sinners; by the obedience of one,
many shall be made righteous (v. 19).
- Law came in besides (in addition to
Adam's sin), and caused the trespass to
abound; but where sin abounded,
abounded more exceedingly (v.
- As sin reigned in death, grace may
reign through righteousness Justification)
unto eternal life through Jesus Christ our
Lord (v. 21).
2. Freedom from sin (6:1-23): CHANGE OF MASTERS (in
a. Through baptism (vs. 1-11).
(1) In our death to sin (vs. 1-3).
(2) In our resurrection to a new life (v.
(3) In our close and intimate union with Christ
(4) In the crucifixion of our old man (v.
(5) In our being delivered from sin as our
(6) In the example of Christ which we have
received as our rule of life (vs. 8-11).
b. To serve righteousness (vs. 12-23).
- (1) Possibility imposes obligation (vs.
12-13, cf. 8:12-17)
- Possible because not under law but
under grace (b. 14; cf. Chapters 7-8).
- Enjoyed in connection with obedience to
form of doctrine unto which delivered (vs.
- Resulting in sanctification
now and in eternal
life hereafter (vs. 22-23; cf. 1
Thessalonians 4:3-8 with reference to
3. Deliverance from law (7:1-25): CHANGE OF
MARRIAGE PARTNERS (through the body of
a. As death
dissolves previous marriage and allows
remarriage of the living, we become dead to the
law through the body of Christ and live again
with him (becoming identified with him in both
his death and resurrection through baptism,
6:3-5,11), that we should be joined (married)
to another (even Christ), in order to bring
forth fruit unto God--which we could not do
when in the flesh, which was the case under the
law, which stimulated the motions of sin in our
members, bringing forth death--but now we are
delivered from the law, that we should serve in
, not in oldness of
- b. This does not mean the law is
sinful, but rather it defines sin,
stimulates and increases it and the
consciousness of it, which results in death
(spiritual death in addition to the death
of the body wrought be Adam's sin) (vs.
- c. This does not mean the law itself
causes death, but that it is impotent to
call forth what it enjoins and to enable
the will to overcome the law of sin (the
reign or control of sin) in the members of
those who wish to obey God, for there is
conflict between the flesh and spirit (see
Gal. 5:16-18), with deliverance from sin's
control to be had only in Christ (vs.
4. Freedom from death (8:1-39): CHANGE IN
BALANCE OF POWER (by the indwelling Spirit of
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- a. Holiness possible in Christ (vs.
- No condemnation in Christ, for
the law (the reign or control) of
the Spirit of life in Christ has
made me free from the law (the
reign or control) of sin and death
(in my members, 7:21-23) (vs.
- For what the law (of Moses)
could not do, in that it was weak
through the flesh (see 7:7-25), God
has done by sending his Son in the
likeness of sinful flesh, and for
sin (a propitiation for our sins,
3:25), condemning sin in the flesh
(overthrowing it, cf. 2 Pet. 2:6),
so that the righteousness of the
law might be fulfilled in us--who
walk not after the flesh (our
lower, sinful nature) but after the
spirit (our higher nature that
delights in the law of God, 7:22)
- To be controlled by the flesh
is enmity against God, and death'
to be controlled by the spirit is
life and peace--and we are
controlled by the spirit if the
Spirit of God, the Spirit of
Christ, (the Holy Spirit, 1 Pet.
1:10-12), indwells us--without
which we are none of his (vs.
- If (though) Christ, and
therefore his Spirit, is in us, the
body is dead (subject to death,
mortal for the time being, because
of Adam's sin and our connection
with him,) but the spirit is life
(alive) because of righteousness
(the righteous act of Christ, 5:18,
and our acceptance of him); also,
by the Spirit of God which indwells
us, and which raised Christ from
the dead, God will likewise give
life to our mortal bodies (in the
resurrection) (vs. 10-11)
- b. Holiness a responsibility in Christ,
even to the point of suffering because of
it if necessary (vs. 12-17).
c. Future glory assured in Christ
- Because we can avoid it, we are
debtors, not to the flesh, to live
after it; for if we live after the
flesh, we shall die (vs.
- But, if by the Spirit we put to
death the deeds of the body, we
shall live (v. 13b) and be sons of
- For as many as are led by the
Spirit of God are the sons of God
and receive the spirit (possibly in
the sense of disposition) of
adoption as sons, causing us to
cry, Abba Father (the
opposite of a spirit of slavery
- The Spirit himself bears
- our spirit that we are children
of God (v.16) No doubt by and
through the written word now, and
buy its effects in our hearts and
lives (cf. Gal. 5:22-23).
- If we are children of God, we
are also heirs of God and
joint-heirs with Christ--if so be
that we suffer with him, that we
may also be glorified with him (v.
17)--The glory being in and after
(1) A sure hope to sustain us in
our sufferings (vs. 18-25).
- Sufferings of present
time do not compare with
the great glory to be
- Creation itself
expectantly waiting for
revealing of the sons of
God (by their
resurrection), to be
delivered from the bondage
of Corruption into the
liberty of the glory of the
children of God (vs.
- Whole creation groans
and travails in pain, and
so do we also, who have the
first-fruits of the Spirit,
waiting for our adoption,
the redemption of our body
(in the resurrection) (vs.
- Our hope for such
enables us to wait
for it (vs. 24-25).
(2) A sure help otherwise.
- The Spirit helping
including assistance in
intercession for us
according to the will
of God (vs.
- All things working
together for our good,
who are called
according to God's
beforehand of those who
would accept Christ)
and foreordination to
be conformed to the
image of his Son, that
he might be the
preeminent One) among
many brethren, with the
intermediate steps of
calling (by the gospel,
2 Thessalonians 2:14),
(3) A certainty of
salvation because of the
immutability of God's love
for us (vs.31-39).
- God being for
us, nobody else can
against us (v.
- God having
spared not his Son,
but delivered him
up for us, shall
surely give us all
things needful for
our salvation (v.
- The only one
- any charge
against us is God,
and it is he that
justifies us (v.
- The only one
who (besides the
condemn us is
Christ, and he died
and was raised from
the dead for us,
and is on the right
hand of God, making
us. (v. 34).
- Persecution and
not separate us
from the love of
Christ, for it is
for his sake we
suffer such, and in
these things we are
him that loved us
(vs. 35 -37).
separate us from
the love of God for
us, which is in
Christ Jesus our