The HOLY SPIRIT, as well as the Father and the Son, acted
since the beginning for the salvation of humanity. In this
study we will see how the HOLY SPIRIT worked in the Old
Testament and when He began to act. We will notice in what
way His works were different than in the New Testament.
1. Participated in the creation of the world.
1:1-2 - "In the beginning God created the
heavens and the earth. Now the earth was formless and
empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and
the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters."
104:30 - "When you send your Spirit, they are
created, and you renew the face of the earth."
2. In the time of patriarchs.
6:3 - "Then the LORD said, "My Spirit will not
contend with man forever, for he is mortal; his days
will be a hundred and twenty years."
41:38 - "So Pharaoh asked them, "Can we find
anyone like this man, one in whom is the spirit of
3. In the leaders of the nation of Israel.
11:16-30 - "The LORD said to Moses: 'Bring me
seventy of Israel's elders who are known to you as
leaders and officials among the people. Have them come
to the Tent of Meeting, that they may stand there with
you. I will come down and speak with you there, and I
will take of the Spirit that is on you and put the
Spirit on them. They will help you carry the burden of
the people so that you will not have to carry it alone.
… So Moses went out and told the people what the LORD
had said. He brought together seventy of their elders
and had them stand around the Tent. Then the LORD came
down in the cloud and spoke with him, and he took of
the Spirit that was on him and put the Spirit on the
seventy elders. When the Spirit rested on them, they
prophesied, but they did not do so again. However, two
men, whose names were Eldad and Medad, had remained in
the camp. They were listed among the elders, but did
not go out to the Tent. Yet the Spirit also rested on
them, and they prophesied in the camp. A young man ran
and told Moses, 'Eldad and Medad are prophesying in the
camp'. Joshua son of Nun, who had been Moses' aide
since youth, spoke up and said, 'Moses, my lord, stop
them!' But Moses replied, 'Are you jealous for my sake?
I wish that all the LORD's people were prophets and
that the LORD would put his Spirit on them!' Then Moses
and the elders of Israel returned to the camp."
27:18 - "So the LORD said to Moses, "Take Joshua
son of Nun, a man in whom is the spirit, and lay your
hand on him."
4. He granted the artistic and technical skills to
construct the temple.
31:1-5 - "Then the LORD said to Moses, "See, I
have chosen Bezalel son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the
tribe of Judah, and I have filled him with the Spirit
of God, with skill, ability and knowledge in all kinds
of crafts - to make artistic designs for work in gold,
silver and bronze, to cut and set stones, to work in
wood, and to engage in all kinds of craftsmanship."
5. He gave the ability and special strength to lead.
3:10 - "The Spirit of the LORD came upon him, so
that he became Israel's judge and went to war. The LORD
gave Cushan-Rishathaim king of Aram into the hands of
Othniel, who overpowered him."
6:34 - "Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon
Gideon, and he blew a trumpet, summoning the Abiezrites
to follow him."
11:29 - "Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon
Jephthah. He crossed Gilead and Manasseh, passed
through Mizpah of Gilead, and from there he advanced
against the Ammonites."
13:25 - "The Spirit of the LORD began to stir
him while he was in Mahaneh Dan, between Zorah and
14:6 - "The Spirit of the LORD came upon him in
power so that he tore the lion apart with his bare
hands as he might have torn a young goat. But he told
neither his father nor his mother what he had done."
14:19-20 - "Then the Spirit of the LORD came
upon him in power. He went down to Ashkelon, struck
down thirty of their men, stripped them of their
belongings and gave their clothes to those who had
explained the riddle. Burning with anger, he went up to
his father's house."
15:14 - "As he approached Lehi, the Philistines
came toward him shouting. The Spirit of the LORD came
upon him in power. The ropes on his arms became like
charred flax, and the bindings dropped from his hands."
6. He assisted the first kings of Israel in their
task of guiding the people of God.
10:6 - "The Spirit of the LORD will come upon
you in power, and you will prophesy with them; and you
will be changed into a different person."
16:13-14 - "So Samuel took the horn of oil and
anointed him in the presence of his brothers, and from
that day on the Spirit of the LORD came upon David in
power. Samuel then went to Ramah. Now the Spirit of the
LORD had departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from
the LORD tormented him."
23:2 - "He Spirit of the LORD spoke through me;
his word was on my tongue."
7. He gave the ability to prophecy
24:2 - "When Balaam looked out and saw Israel
encamped tribe by tribe, the Spirit of God came upon
11:25 - "Then the LORD came down in the cloud
and spoke with him, and he took of the Spirit that was
on him and put the Spirit on the seventy elders. When
the Spirit rested on them, they prophesied, but they
did not do so again."
9:30 - "For many years you were patient with
them. By your Spirit you admonished them through your
prophets. Yet they paid no attention, so you handed
them over to the neighboring peoples."
23:2 - "The Spirit of the LORD spoke through me;
his word was on my tongue."
48:16 - "Come near me and listen to this 'From
the first announcement I have not spoken in secret; at
the time it happens, I am there.' And now the Sovereign
LORD has sent me, with his Spirit."
3:8 - "But as for me, I am filled with power,
with the Spirit of the LORD, and with justice and
might, to declare to Jacob his transgression, to Israel
2:2 - "As he spoke, the Spirit came into me and
raised me to my feet, and I heard him speaking to me."
1:21 - "For prophecy never had its origin in the
will of man, but men spoke from God as they were
carried along by the Holy Spirit."
The HOLY SPIRIT did not work directly in all the
people in the Old Testament even though there was a promise
that He would come to all one day. Nor did He always cause
the person to be Holy. The "human vessels" used by God in
the Old Testament were often very sinful and unclean as in
the cases of Balaam and Samson. He was especially given to
the prophets and others who would be vehicles of divine
revelation. He also granted gifts to manage, practice arts
and skills, to lead, to judge and even to use physical
In the Old Testament, there are at least 60 references to
the person and work of the Spirit, each one indicating
that, at that time, the Spirit came to do a specific work
and left when His work was done. In the New Testament, we
will see that His presence became permanent and
1 Kings 18:12
1 Kings 22:24
2 Kings 2:16
1 Chronicles 12:18
1 Chronicles 18:24
1 Samuel 10:6
1 Samuel 16:13-14
2 Samuel 23:2
2 Peter 1:20-21
1. The Holy Spirit participated in the creation of the
2. In the Old Testament the Holy Spirit gave certain
All the above
3. The Holy Spirit assisted Israel’s leaders in guiding the
4. The Holy Spirit gave people ability to foretell future
5. The Holy Spirit is involved in the lives of all the
Children of Israel/God’s people.